Cookies are small text files that the sites visited by users send to their terminals, where they are stored and then retransmitted to the same sites at the next visit. Cookies of the so-called “third parties” are, instead, set by a website other than the one that the user is visiting. This is because on each site there may be elements (images, maps, sounds, specific links to web pages of other domains, etc.) that reside on servers other than that of the site visited.
Types of cookies
– Technical cookies. Technical cookies are those used for the purpose of “transmitting a communication on an electronic communication network, or to the extent strictly necessary to the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or the user to provide such service” (see art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). They are not used for further purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or operator of the website. They can be divided into browsing or session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website; cookies analytics, assimilated to technical cookies where used directly by the site manager to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site itself; functional cookies, which allow the user to navigate according to a series of selected criteria in order to improve the service rendered to the same. For the installation of such cookies, the prior consent of the users is not required, while the obligation to give the information pursuant to art. 13 of the Code, which the site manager, if he uses only such devices, can provide in the manner he deems most suitable.
– Profiling cookies. Profiling cookies are aimed at creating profiles related to the user and are used in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the same in the context of online browsing. Due to the particular invasiveness that such devices may have in the private sphere of users, European and Italian legislation provides that the user must be adequately informed about the use of the same and thus express his valid consent. They are referred to in Article 10 of the Directive. 122 of the Code where it provides that “the storage of information in the terminal equipment of a contractor or a user or access to information already stored is allowed only on condition that the contractor or user has expressed his consent after being informed in the simplified manner referred to in Article 13, paragraph 3” (art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). This site does not use profiling cookies.
– “Third-party” cookies. By visiting this website you may receive cookies from sites managed by other organizations (“third parties”). An example is the presence of “social plugins” for Facebook, Twitter, Google+ or LinkedIn, or embedded (integrated) multimedia content display systems such as YouTube, Flikr. These parts are generated directly by the aforementioned sites and integrated into the website of the host site visited. The presence of these plugins involves the transmission of cookies to and from all sites managed by third parties. The management of the information collected by “third parties” is governed by the related information to which please refer. To ensure greater transparency and convenience, the web addresses of the different information and methods for managing cookies are listed below.
Facebook information: https://www.facebook.com/help/cookies/
Facebook (configuration): log in to your account. Privacy section.
Twitter information: https://support.twitter.com/articles/20170514
Twitter (configuration): https://twitter.com/settings/security
Linkedin informative: https://www.linkedin.com/legal/cookie-policy
Linkedin (configuration): https://www.linkedin.com/settings/
YoutubeGoogle+ informative: http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/cookies/
YoutubeGoogle+ (configuration): http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/managing/
FlikrYahoo informative http://info.yahoo.com/privacy/it/yahoo/cookies/details.html
FlikrYahoo (configuration) http://info.yahoo.com/privacy/it/yahoo/opt_out/targeting/details.html
The site also includes components transmitted by Google Analytics, a web traffic analysis service provided by Google, Inc. (“Google”). These cookies are used for the purpose of monitoring and improving the performance of the site. For more information, please refer to the following link:
The user can selectively disable the action of Google Analytics by installing on his browser the opt-out component provided by Google. To disable the Google Analytics action, please refer to the following link:
Duration of cookies
Some cookies (session cookies) remain active only until the browser is closed or any logout command is executed. Other cookies “survive” the closure of the browser and are also available on subsequent visits by the user. These cookies are called persistent and their duration is fixed by the server at the time of their creation. In some cases a deadline is set, in other cases the duration is unlimited.
Managing of cookies
The user can decide whether or not to accept cookies using the settings of his browser. Attention: with the total or partial disabling of technical cookies could compromise the optimal use of the site. The disabling of “third-party” cookies does not in any way affect navigability. The setting can be defined specifically for different websites and web applications. In addition, browsers allow you to define different settings for “proprietary” and “third-party” cookies. As an example, in Firefox, through the Tools->Options->Privacy menu, you can access a control panel where you can define whether or not to accept the different types of cookies and proceed with their removal. On the internet you can easily find documentation on how to set the rules for managing cookies for your browser, for example you can find some addresses related to the main browsers:
Internet Explorer: https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/delete-and-manage-cookies-168dab11-0753-043d-7c16-ede5947fc64d